liquid titanium metal in molten salt - jst

A Perspective on Thermochemical and Electrochemical

Titanium metal is produced commercially by the costly and energy-intensive Kroll process, which is highly matured and optimized. In the last several decades, many new methods have been proposed to reduce the production cost of Ti metal and thus widen its applications. These new methods can be categorized into two main groups: thermochemical and electrochemical methods. Even though

Producing titanium by reducing TiCl2

In the Kroll process for titanium sponge metal production, TiCl 4 gas is introduced and reacted with molten magnesium metal via a gas-liquid reduction reaction. The magnesium reduction reaction of the mixed salt of TiCl 2-MgCl 2 via a liquid-liquid reaction has been investigated and the results are reported in this article.

Observations on the Role of Interfacial Phenomena in

It seems that associative adsorption of titanium and carbon may be responsible for the observed effects of dissolved titanium and carbon on the wetting of TiC by liquid iron alloys. As a result of this work a further project has been generated involving the identification of conditions for achieving good dispersions of refractory carbides including titanium carbide in iron alloys.

Studies of titanium(IV) chloride in a strongly Lewis acidic

2002/5/1A Room-Temperature Molten Salt Prepared from AuCl3 and 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Chloride. Inorganic Chemistry 1999, 38 (17), -rare earth metal catalyzed copolymerization of CO and styrene in [bmim]+PF6− ionic liquid. Journal of Applied Polymer,

Observations on the Role of Interfacial Phenomena in

It seems that associative adsorption of titanium and carbon may be responsible for the observed effects of dissolved titanium and carbon on the wetting of TiC by liquid iron alloys. As a result of this work a further project has been generated involving the identification of conditions for achieving good dispersions of refractory carbides including titanium carbide in iron alloys.

Molten salts: volume 1. electrical conductance, density, and

Contents Page Foreword iii Preface iv Acknowledgments iv 1.Introduction 2.Symbolsandunits.3.Preparationoftables 1 4.Estimationofuncertainty 2 5.Discussion 2 Lithiumfluoride 2 Sodiumfluoride 3 Potassiumfluoride 3 Cesiumfluoride 3 Berylliumfluoride 3 Magnesiumfluoride,calciumfluoride,strontium

Fully booked : Liquid Salts for Energy and Materials:

In 1834, Michael Faraday reported his first discovery of the laws of electrolysis, mostly through experiments in molten salts. The field has continued to grow ever since, with developments of various liquid salts, including, but not limited to, oxide melts, ionic liquids, and deep eutectic solvents.

Module 1: History, Background, and Current MSR Developments

• Liquid-fueled Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) Experiment 1960-1969 Expertise Reinvigorated • Removal of fueled salt from MSRE • GEN-IV: Conceived solid-fueled, high-temperature molten salt systems with passive safety features (FHRs) Interest Expands • salt R •

Direct oxygen removal technique for recycling titanium

Y. Hashimoto Influences of Fluoride Salt Baths on Fused-Salt Electrodeposition of Titanium Metal from TiO 2, Denki Kagaku, 1971, 39, 938 —943 CrossRef CAS., (in Japanese) Y. Hashimoto Electro-Winning of Titanium from TiO 2 or CaTiO 3 in CaF 2 -MgF 2 Molten Salt Bath, Denki Kagaku, 1972, 40, 39 —44 CrossRef CAS ., (in Japanese)

SELECTIVE CHLORINATION OF TITANIUM ORE AND PRODUCTION OF TITANIUM POWDER BY PREFORM REDUCTION PROCESS

molten salt. Although it is anticipated that the electrochemical method has the potential to replace the current Kroll process, it is still difficult to control the impurity content in the obtained titanium; furthermore, several technical problems need to be resolved

Fluid Fueled Reactors (FFRs) Documents (AKA Molten Salt

NOTE: Molten Salt Reactors are sometimes called: Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors (LFTRs), however this subclass of MSRs is a small subset of all the MSR potential designs choices, nor has a MSR ever been constructed and operated with Thorium 4).

Anodic Dissolution of Aluminum in the Aluminum Chloride

The anodic dissolution of aluminum metal was investigated in the Lewis acidic chloroaluminate ionic liquid, aluminum chloride-1 4 molten salt. However, there are no such limitations in the AlCl 3-EtMeImCl system. In addition, we carried out experiments on

A Perspective on Thermochemical and Electrochemical

Titanium metal is produced commercially by the costly and energy-intensive Kroll process, which is highly matured and optimized. In the last several decades, many new methods have been proposed to reduce the production cost of Ti metal and thus widen its applications. These new methods can be categorized into two main groups: thermochemical and electrochemical methods. Even though

Thermodynamics of Titanium, Nitrogen and TiN Formation

Thermodynamics of titanium, nitrogen and TiN formation in liquid iron was investigated using the metal–nitride–gas equilibration under different nitrogen partial pressures in the temperature range of 1873–1973 K. The nitrogen solubility in liquid iron increased with

Use of Molten Salt Fluxes and Cathodic Protection for

The current study demonstrates that it is possible to protect both solid and liquid titanium and titanium alloys from attack from air by cathodically polarizing the titanium component using an electro-active high-temperature molten salt flux and a moderate polarization potential. The electrolytic cell used comprises a cathode of either solid titanium or liquid titanium alloy, an electrolyte

Use of Molten Salt Fluxes and Cathodic Protection for

The current study demonstrates that it is possible to protect both solid and liquid titanium and titanium alloys from attack from air by cathodically polarizing the titanium component using an electro-active high-temperature molten salt flux and a moderate polarization potential. The electrolytic cell used comprises a cathode of either solid titanium or liquid titanium alloy, an electrolyte

Chlorination

Chlorination-Volatilization Behavior of Titanium Metal Scraps during Recycling Using Reaction-Mediating Molten Salt Yu-ki Taninouchi 1,*1, Yuki Hamanaka 2,*2 and Toru H. Okabe1 1Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 153–8505, Japan 2Department of Materials Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113–8656, Japan

Module 1: History, Background, and Current MSR Developments

• Liquid-fueled Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) Experiment 1960-1969 Expertise Reinvigorated • Removal of fueled salt from MSRE • GEN-IV: Conceived solid-fueled, high-temperature molten salt systems with passive safety features (FHRs) Interest Expands • salt R •

Titanium Extraction by Molten Oxide Electrolysis

Sadoway, MIT TMS Meeting, Charlotte, NC March 15, 2004 in closing 5high-accuracy electrical conductivity and transference number measurements in molten oxides at extreme temperatures 5electrolytic production of liquid titanium not unviable

Molten salts: volume 1. electrical conductance, density, and

Contents Page Foreword iii Preface iv Acknowledgments iv 1.Introduction 2.Symbolsandunits.3.Preparationoftables 1 4.Estimationofuncertainty 2 5.Discussion 2 Lithiumfluoride 2 Sodiumfluoride 3 Potassiumfluoride 3 Cesiumfluoride 3 Berylliumfluoride 3 Magnesiumfluoride,calciumfluoride,strontium

Solvent effects on Li ion transference number and

Molten Li salt solvates or liquid electrolytes with nearly saturated Li salt concentrations are also regarded as a prospective electrolyte material for Li secondary batteries; this is because various types of highly concentrated electrolyte systems, ranging from 5–13

Fully booked : Liquid Salts for Energy and Materials:

In 1834, Michael Faraday reported his first discovery of the laws of electrolysis, mostly through experiments in molten salts. The field has continued to grow ever since, with developments of various liquid salts, including, but not limited to, oxide melts, ionic liquids, and deep eutectic solvents.

Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology

She has contributed over 250 journal papers, and over 300 conference presentations, and been involved in Chairing and organising numerous International Molten Salt Conferences. She is well-known for editing and publishing her own newsletter, Molten Salts Ionic Liquids (since 1976, distribution 600, 24 countries, quarterly; Web edition since 1996).

Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology

She has contributed over 250 journal papers, and over 300 conference presentations, and been involved in Chairing and organising numerous International Molten Salt Conferences. She is well-known for editing and publishing her own newsletter, Molten Salts Ionic Liquids (since 1976, distribution 600, 24 countries, quarterly; Web edition since 1996).

MICHAEL F SIMPSON

In molten salt fueled reactors, uranium, thorium, or plutonium is dissolved in either a fluoride or chloride molten salt. These reactors can operate safely at low pressure and can be designed to very efficiently fission actinides in order to achieve sustainable use of energy resources while minimizing the amount of nuclear waste generated.

SELECTIVE CHLORINATION OF TITANIUM ORE AND PRODUCTION OF TITANIUM POWDER BY PREFORM REDUCTION PROCESS

molten salt. Although it is anticipated that the electrochemical method has the potential to replace the current Kroll process, it is still difficult to control the impurity content in the obtained titanium; furthermore, several technical problems need to be resolved

Miscibility of Metals with Salts in the Molten State. III. The

Liquid Metal Batteries: Past, Present, and Future. Chemical Reviews 2013, 113 (3), 2075-2099. DOI: 10.1021/cr300205k Preparation of Organized Ti Nanorods by Successive Electrochemical Processes in Aqueous Solution and Molten Salt. 2008, 11 2007,

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